Prospective J-1 Scholars who have been in the United States in any J category other than the J-1 Research Scholar/Professor category in the last 12 months are not eligible to enter the U.S. in the J-1 Research Scholar/Professor category for 12 months following the program end date of the previous J program. The 12-month bar applies to both the J-1 Scholar and J-2 dependents.
The 12-month bar does not apply in the following circumstances:
- The duration of the previous J program was less than six months.
- The Exchange Visitor was previously in the U.S. in the J-1 Short Term Scholar category.
The 12-month bar does not prevent individuals from returning to the U.S. in another J category or another visa status.