12-Month Bar

Prospective J-1 Scholars who have been in the United States in any J category other than the J-1 Research Scholar/Professor category in the last 12 months are not eligible to enter the U.S. in the J-1 Research Scholar/Professor category for 12 months following the program end date of the previous J program. The 12-month bar applies to both the J-1 Scholar and J-2 dependents.

The 12-month bar does not apply in the following circumstances:

  • The duration of the previous J program was less than six months.
  • The Exchange Visitor was previously in the U.S. in the J-1 Short Term Scholar category.

The 12-month bar does not prevent individuals from returning to the U.S. in another J category or another visa status.

24-Month Bar on Repeat Participation

Prospective J-1 Scholars who have been in the U.S. in the Research Scholar/Professor category in the last 24 months are not eligible to enter the U.S. in the J-1 Research Scholar/Professor category for 24 months following the program end date of the previous Research Scholar/Professor program.

Additionally, the 24-month bar applies:

  • If a J-1 Research Scholar/Professor has a program duration of longer than six months, but ends the program sooner than six months (e.g. due to extenuating circumstances).
  • To both the J-1 Scholar and J-2 dependents.

The 24-month bar does not apply in the following circumstances:

  • The J-1 Scholar was previously in the U.S. in the Short Term Scholar category.
  • The J-1 Scholar transferred between institutions without any gaps in their program.

Current J-1 Scholars who anticipate continuing their research or teaching at Northeastern or at another institution should consult with the Office of Global Services (OGS) about a program extension or transferring to another institution.

Program extension and transfer requests must be submitted to OGS at least one month prior to the J-1 Scholar’s current program end date to avoid the DS-2019 from expiring and activating the 24-month bar.

The 24-month bar:

  • Does not prevent individuals from returning to the U.S. in another J category or another visa status.
  • Only applies to J-1 Research Scholars/Professors.
  • Is determined by the visa category and cannot be waived.
  • Is distinct from the 212(e) Two-Year Home Residency Requirement